Understanding the Codex Standard to Ensure Safety and Quality of Palm Oil


  • Purwiyatno Hariyadi




International trade


Indonesia is the number one producer and exporter of palm oil globally. About 85% of palm oil is used for food applications. Consequently, issues related to food safety and nutrition have always been a major concern, both for producers and consumers of palm oil. In this respect, the palm oil industry must put serious effort to comply with food safety and quality standards, such as those of Codex standards, especially specified at Codex Standard for named vegetable oils (CXS 210-1999).


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Code of Practice (COP) for the Reduction of 3-Monochloropropane-1,2-diol Esters (3-MCPDE) and Glycidyl Esters (GE) in Refined Oils and Food Products Made with Refined Oils (CXC 79-2019). Available at http://www.fao.org/fao-who-codexalimentarius/codex-texts/codes-of-practice/en/

Code of Practice for the Storage and Transport of Edible Fats and Oils In Bulk (CXC 36 – 1987). Available at http://www.fao.org/fao-who-codexalimentarius/codex-texts/codes-of-practice/en/

Codex Standard for Named Vegetable Oils (CXS 210-1999) Available at http://www.fao.org/fao-who-codexalimentarius/codex-texts/list-standards/en/

FAO. 2019. If it isn’t safe, it isn’t food: Six ways we can work together to prevent foodborne diseases. Available at http://www.fao.org/fao-stories/article/en/c/1179647

GAPKI, 2020. Reflection of palm oil industry 2019 and prospects of 2020. (In Bahasa Indonesia: Refleksi industri kelapa sawit 2019 dan prospek 2020). https://gapki.id/news/16190/refleksi-industri-kelapa-sawit-2019-dan-prospek-2020.

General Principles for the Addition of Essential Nutrients to Foods (CXG 9-1987). Available at http://www.fao.org/fao-who-codexalimentarius/codex-texts/guidelines/en/

General Principles of Food Hygiene (CXC 1-1969) Available at http://www.fao.org/fao-who-codexalimentarius/codex-texts/codes-of-practice/en/

General Standard for Contaminants and Toxins in Food and Feed ?(CXS 193-1995). Available at http://www.fao.org/fao-who-codexalimentarius/codex-texts/list-standards/en/

General Standard for Food Additives (CXS 192-1995). Available at http://www.fao.org/fao-who-codexalimentarius/codex-texts/list-standards/en/

Oil Market Research. 2020. Global Palm Oil Market: Insights, Trends and Forecast (2020-2024). Available at https://www.oilandgas360.com/global-palm-oil-market-insights-trends-and-forecast-2020-2024-researchandmarkets-com/

Wisena B A, Daryanto A, Arifin B and Oktaviani R. 2014. Sustainable development strategy and the competitiveness of indonesian palm oil industry International Journal of Managerial Studies and Research 2 102-15




How to Cite

Hariyadi, P. (2021). Understanding the Codex Standard to Ensure Safety and Quality of Palm Oil. International Journal of Oil Palm, 4(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.35876/ijop.v4i1.58




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